This is how the new British prime minister will be chosen if Borris Johnson steps down

On July 7, Boris Johnson will step down as prime minister of the United Kingdom, and the selection process will then commence.


The process of choosing a new prime minister for the United Kingdom was set to begin when Boris Johnson announced his resignation as prime minister on July 7.

The duration of the leadership competition will depend on how many people apply. Theresa May seized the lead after all of her rivals quit in the middle of the contest less than three weeks after David Cameron’s resignation in 2016.

In a run-off election among Conservative members, Boris Johnson took on former health minister Jeremy Hunt to succeed May in 2019. Two months after May announced her departure, Johnson was elected.


The procedure for selecting Johnson’s replacement will go as follows:

  • There can be a lot of contenders for the top spot. Two more Conservative lawmakers must back the incoming prime minister.
  • Following that, conservative politicians vote through a number of times to restrict the field. Every time, they are asked to secretly vote for the candidate they support, with the one earning the fewest votes being eliminated.
  • This process is repeated until only two candidates remain. Voting used to happen on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
  • The top two contenders are then selected as the new leader after a postal ballot by the full Conservative Party membership.
  • The head of the party with a majority in the Commons serves as the de facto prime minister. Although they have the power to do so, they are not obligated to call an election right away.

A historic political crisis came to an end on July 7 when the British prime minister, who had been under fire, chose to step down as leader of the Conservative Party. He then called for a vote to choose a new Tory leader, who would then take over as premier.

Johnson, 58, will continue to serve as prime minister at 10 Downing Street until a successor has been chosen by the October Conservative Party conference. Later on July 7, he is anticipated to publicly announce his resignation and address the nation.

“The Prime Minister will make a statement to the country today,” a Downing Street spokesperson said.

The action was taken just minutes after his newly appointed Chancellor, who will replace outgoing Chancellor Rishi Sunak, sent a letter to the public urging him to “leave soon” following days of high drama and a steady stream of resignations from his Cabinet since Tuesday.

The minister of Iraqi descent, Nadhim Zahawi, who was widely expected to succeed Johnson in 10 Downing Street, sent a devastating letter in which he publicly questioned his boss’ authority and requested his resignation. Although not formally retiring from his new Cabinet position, the 55-year-old minister declared that Johnson’s time had come to an end.