Why June is Celebrated as a Pride Month ?
Pride Month is observed in June to honour gender diversity and to promote equality, acceptance, and harmony among communities.
Pride Month honours LGBTQIA+ populations around the world, as well as their rights and culture. It is characterised by a spirit of struggle and acceptance rather than a shameful attitude. Pride has evolved into a large-scale event that includes marches, protests, and parades. People come together in large numbers all over the world to express themselves in a variety of ways.
When do we celebrate Pride Month?
June is Pride Month, commemorating the beginning of a movement, a series of rallies in the United States in the 1970s to recognise the rights of these people. Since then, Pride has been commemorated around the world, with parades and protests, as well as parties and gatherings.
History behind celebrating June as a Pride Month
The Stonewall Uprising, which is honoured by these parades, occurred on June 28, 1969. In the 1950s and 1960s, police raids on gay clubs were commonplace. The Stonewall Inn, a gay pub in Greenwich Village, New York City, was also raided in the early hours of June 28.
Police invaded the Stonewall Inn, demanding that people display identification and detaining anybody whose gender presentation did not match their official documents. However, a neighbouring audience became restless and enraged, and patrons eventually fought back. They bombarded the cops with rocks, forcing them to flee, and violent street clashes continued over the next few nights.
Following the protests, organisers marched to Central Park under the banner of “Gay Pride” to promote individuality and reject conservative discourse on non-binary sexualities. The topic became well-known over the world, and it evolved into what is now known as Pride.
Although there have been previous episodes of uprisings against police, this one is more generally known and recognised as a symbol of LGBTQIA+ populations fighting for their rights.
For years, LGBTQ persons have been subjected to legal consequences, including criminalization under the guise of religion and morality. Homosexuality was categorised as a mental illness in the 1960s. In many parts of the United States, same-sex relationships were outlawed, and those suspected of being gay were denied basic human rights.
India, too, has inherited a British-imposed legislation prohibiting consensual intercourse between people of the same gender. The colonial government enacted the law in 1870, saying that sexual acts were against the “order of nature.”
India’s Fight for Gender Equality
The fight for gay rights began in 2001, when the Naaz Foundation submitted a petition for the legalisation of sex between consenting individuals of the same gender.
After numerous attempts, the Supreme Court struck down a portion of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code in order to decriminalise homosexuality as it is incompatible with equality.
The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act was passed by Parliament in December 2019. Discrimination against transgender individuals is prohibited in the areas of education, health, employment, and housing. The act, however, has been criticised for erecting barriers to transgender persons being recognised. Transgender people, for example, must register with the government and show proof that they have undergone gender confirmation surgery.
Transgender people still have a hard time getting medical treatment, and there have been allegations of police abuse against LGBTQAI+ people, with victims being threatened not to report the occurrences. Due to a lack of access to therapies and drugs, the Covid-19 lockdowns had a negative impact on LGBT+ populations.