India slips to 107 position in Global Hunger Index

India is rated last among the 121 nations on the GHI, trailing its neighbours Nepal (81), Pakistan (99), Sri Lanka (64), and Bangladesh (84).

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The annual report of the 2022 edition of the Global Hunger Index shows that India dropped from the 101st spot in 2021 to the 107th spot in 2022. The GHI, jointly released by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe, measures and tracks hunger in all of its forms at the international, regional, and national levels.

 

India received a score of 29.1 on the Global Hunger Index (GHI), which ranks nations based on their “severity” of hunger. This puts India in the “severe” category.

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Yemen is ranked 121st on the list, which comprises 17 top-ranking countries in total; there are only minor discrepancies between their severity ratings. The top two countries on the list, which is dominated by European countries like Croatia, Estonia, and Montenegro, are both Asian: China and Kuwait.

Undernourishment, child wasting (the percentage of children under age five who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute under-nutrition), child stunting (children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic under-nutrition), and child mortality are the four indicators used to calculate the GHI score (the mortality rate of children under the age of five).

The approach states that a score of less than 9.9 is “low,” a score of 10–19.9 is “moderate,” a score of 20–34.9 is “severe,” a score of 35–49.9 is “alarming,” and a score of more than 50 is “very alarming.”

Over time, India has seen a decline in GHI scores. It had an “alarming” score of 38.8 in 2000, which fell to 28.2 by 2014. Since then, the nation has begun to post greater scores.

India has typically recorded lower values for the four metrics, but in 2014, the rates of undernourishment and child wasting began to rise. Undernourishment increased from 14.8 percent in 2014 to 16.3 percent in 2022, while the prevalence of wasting in children under five years of age increased from 15.1 percent in 2014 to 19.3 percent in 2022.

The other two indices also saw an improvement in India. Under-five mortality decreased from 4.6 in 2014 to 3.3 in 2022, while stunning in children under five decreased from 38.7 in 2014 to 35.5 in 2022.