Pieridae Releases Q4 and Full Year 2023 Financial & Operating Results and 2023 Reserves


Successful Refinancing, Strong Exit Production & Cash Flow Supported by Robust Hedging Program


CALGARY, Alberta, March 20, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Pieridae Energy Limited (“Pieridae” or the “Company”) (TSX: PEA) announces the release of its fourth quarter and full year 2023 financial and operating results and year-end reserves. Pieridae generated Net Operating Income (“NOI”)1 of $131 million and produced 32,772 boe/d (86% natural gas) during 2023. The Company posted Q4 NOI of $25 million and production of 33,340 boe/d, following the completion of the Waterton turnaround project in late October, while 2023 exit production was approximately 37,500 boe/d.


In addition, the Company filed its Annual Information Form (“AIF”) for the year ended December 31, 2023
containing Pieridae’s 2023 independent oil and natural reserves evaluation as required under National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure of Oil and Gas Activities (“NI 51-101”). Pieridae’s 2023 NI 51-101 Proved Developed Producing (“PDP”) PV102 value is $614 million and Total Proved plus Probable (“TPP”) PV10 value is $1,372 million.

The Company’s AIF, management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) and audited consolidated financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2023 are available at www.pieridaeenergy.com and on SEDAR at www.sedarplus.ca.

“During 2023 we successfully refinanced and reduced our long-term debt, safely completed crucial facility maintenance, drilled two Foothills development wells, reduced our G&A costs and generated strong NOI,” said Pieridae’s President and Chief Executive Officer, Darcy Reding. “Pieridae’s results improved in the fourth quarter, despite falling natural gas prices and unavoidable maintenance downtime. We safely brought the Waterton facility and production back online at the end of October and recovered our production capability, exiting the year at approximately 37,500 boe/d. Our commodity hedging program continues to support the business, generating over $60 million in gains during 2023 and is expected to continue to mitigate the cashflow impact of low gas prices in 2024, should they persist.”


  • Generated NOI1 of $130.9 million ($0.82 per basic and fully diluted share);
  • Generated Funds Flow from Operations1 of $85.7 million ($0.54 per basic and $0.53 per fully diluted share);
  • Generated Net Income of $9.0 million ($0.06 per basic and $0.04 per fully diluted share);
  • Produced 32,772 boe/d (86% natural gas) down 11% from 2022, due to extended facility downtime related to the Waterton Turnaround coupled with unplanned outages at Caroline and Jumping Pound processing facilities, shut-ins related to wildfires, and natural production declines; 2023 exit production was approximately 37,500 boe/d;
  • Completed US$150 million long term debt refinancing and reduced Net Debt1 by $10.5 million to $204.0 million at year end 2023; the Company’s US$25 million revolving loan was 59% utilized at year end, while the US$10 million delayed draw term loan was undrawn;
  • Reduced G&A Expense by 17% to $23.4 million ($1.95/boe) in 2023 as a result of successful cost savings initiatives undertaken during the year;
  • Incurred capital expenditures of $58.7 million in 2023 focused on facility maintenance, well and facility optimization projects, and development drilling with 2.0 (net) wells drilled in the first half of 2023; and
  • Recorded 2023 NI 51-101 TPP reserves of 252.5 MMboe and TPP PV10 reserve value of $1,371.7 million at the Jan. 1, 2024 IC4 price forecast.
Selected Annual Results ($ 000s unless otherwise noted) 2023   2022   2021  
Natural gas (mcf/d) 168,821   181,677   199,793  
Condensate (bbl/d) 2,339   2,860   2,877  
NGLs (bbl/d) 2,296   3,729   4,386  
Sulphur (tonne/d) 1,306   1,459   1,530  
Total production (boe/d) (1) 32,772   36,868   40,562  
Net proved plus probable (2P) reserves NPV10 (2)(3) 1,371,735   1,507,413   1,002,134  
Natural Gas Price ($/mcf)      
Realized before Risk Management Contracts (4) 2.67   5.30   3.60  
Realized after Risk Management Contracts (4) 3.67   4.40   2.90  
Benchmark natural gas price 2.63   5.36   3.63  
Condensate Price ($/bbl)      
Realized before Risk Management Contracts (4) 97.01   114.66   80.24  
Realized after Risk Management Contracts (4) 95.55   111.18   63.21  
Benchmark condensate price 102.73   121.46   85.95  
Net income (loss) 8,981   146,620   (39,790 )
Net income (loss) $ per share basic 0.06   0.93   (0.25 )
Net income (loss) $ per share diluted 0.04   0.91   (0.25 )
Net operating income (5) 130,929   200,989   84,085  
Cashflow provided by operating activities 104,202   88,167   51,117  
Funds flow from operations (5) 85,092   153,679   20,284  
Total assets 648,541   615,477   622,540  
Adjusted working capital deficit (6) (31,830 ) (11,249 ) (61,588 )
Net debt (5) (204,046 ) (214,503 ) (293,169 )
Capital expenditures 55,539   39,526   34,972  
(1) Total production excludes sulphur.
(2) Estimated pre-tax net present value of discounted cash flows from reserves using a 10% discount rate.
(3) The 2021 2P NPV10 reserve value is inclusive of physical hedges. The 2022 and 2023 NPV 10 reserve values does not include physical hedges.
(4) Includes physical commodity and financial risk management contracts inclusive of cash flow hedges, together (“Risk Management Contracts”).
(5) Refer to the “Net Operation Income”, “Capital Resources” and “non-GAAP measures” sections of the Company’s MD&A for reference to non-GAAP measures.
(6) Adjusted working capital is a non-GAAP measure and is calculated as accounts payable and accrued liabilities, less cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, prepaids and deposits.


Deloitte, Pieridae’s independent, qualified reserves evaluator, performed reserves evaluations of the Company’s assets at December 31, 2023 and 2022. The following table summarizes Pieridae’s reserves based on the Deloitte NI 51-101 reserve report using the January 1, 2024 IC4 price forecast:

      Year ended December 31       Year ended December 31  
Reserve Volume and Net Present Value     MMboe       $000, NPV10 (1)  
  2023 2022 % Change   2023 (3) 2022 % Change  
Reserves Category (2)            
Net proved developed producing (PDP) reserves 120.7 126.8 (5)   614,072 788,347 (22)  
Net proved (1P) reserves 191.2 208.7 (8)   1,053,896 1,204,913 (12)  
Net proved plus probable (2P) reserves 252.5 289.1 (13)   1,371,735 1,507,413 (9)  
(1) Estimated pre-tax net present value of discounted cash flows from reserves using a 10% discount rate at evaluator consensus (IC4) price forecast dated January 1, 2024.
(2) Net reserves reflect working interest share of the asset prior to the deduction of royalties.
(3) 2022 comparative values have been restated to remove hedging gains and losses to conform with current year presentation.

2023 Reserve Reconciliation

  Conventional Gas Natural Gas Liquids
  Proved Probable Proved + Probable Proved Probable Proved + Probable
  MMcf MMcf MMcf Mbbl Mbbl Mbbl
Opening Balance 1,030,546   405,867   1,436,413   36,913   12,755   49,668  
Production (61,764 )   (61,764 ) (1,691 )   (1,691 )
Technical Revisions 18,387   (52,453 ) (34,067 ) (5,103 ) (4,620 ) (9,723 )
Extensions 5,754   1,721   7,475   38   13   51  
Acquisitions 6,924   3,211   10,135   1,176   545   1,721  
Economic Factors (40,233 ) (36,196 ) (76,429 ) (89 ) (1,057 ) (1,146 )
Closing Balance 959,614   322,150   1,281,764   31,244   7,636   38,880  

Selected 2023 Reserve Highlights

  • Reserve Life Index (“RLI”) increased from 19.8 years in 2022 to 20.4 years;
  • 2024 forecasted PDP base decline has improved to 5.4%, from 8.5% in 2022; and
  • Sales volumes and operating cost improvements reflected in 2024 and beyond recognize demonstrated fuel gas consumption reductions.

Refer to the Company’s AIF for the year ended December 31, 2023, for more information on Pieridae’s 2023 reserves.


  • Generated NOI1 of $25.4 million ($0.16 per basic and fully diluted share);
  • Incurred Capital Expenditures of $10.9 million weighted towards completion of the planned Waterton gas processing facility turnaround, which required the Waterton field to be shut in from mid August to late October 2023;
  • Generated Funds Flow from Operations3 of $14.3 million ($0.09 per basic and fully diluted share);
  • Generated Net Income of $7.4 million ($0.05 per basic and $0.03 per fully diluted share);
  • Produced 33,340 boe/d (87% natural gas); and
  • Initiated a sale process for the Goldboro LNG subsidiary and associated lands, licenses, and permits, which is currently ongoing.
Selected Quarterly Results 2023
($ 000s unless otherwise noted) Q4 Q3 Q2 Q1 Q4 Q3 Q2 Q1
Natural gas (mcf/d) 174,211   155,763   159,427   186,156   179,143   181,030   178,918   187,719  
Condensate (bbl/d) 2,384   2,020   2,300   2,657   2,469   2,911   2,864   3,201  
NGLs (bbl/d) 1,921   2,273   2,216   2,784   2,389   2,876   3,695   6,003  
Sulphur (tonne/d) 1,284   1,124   1,362   1,457   1,348   1,312   1,555   1,625  
Total production (boe/d) (1) 33,340   30,253   31,087   36,467   34,715   35,959   36,378   40,491  
Natural gas price ($/mcf)                
Realized before Risk Management Contracts (2) 2.32   2.65   2.39   3.24   5.08   4.38   7.13   4.66  
Realized after Risk Management Contracts (2) 3.13   3.25   3.03   5.12   5.24   3.62   4.67   4.08  
Benchmark natural gas price 2.29   2.59   2.40   3.25   5.20   4.28   7.22   4.75  
Condensate price ($/bbl)                
Realized before Risk Management Contracts (2) 97.15   97.47   84.81   107.22   110.24   103.71   132.60   112.09  
Realized after Risk Management Contracts (2) 86.34   80.49   105.84   106.70   117.67   105.82   116.61   106.13  
Benchmark condensate price ($/bbl) 104.30   106.30   93.25   107.05   115.24   115.66   132.49   122.62  
Net income (loss) 7,414   (16,254 ) 4,182   13,639   114,662   (1,573 ) 22,982   10,549  
Net income (loss) $ per share, basic 0.05   (0.11 ) 0.03   0.09   0.72   (0.01 ) 0.15   0.07  
Net income (loss) $ per share, diluted 0.03   (0.11 ) 0.03   0.08   0.70   (0.01 ) 0.14   0.07  
Net operating income (3) 25,441   11,650   43,843   49,995   67,711   30,014   55,969   47,295  
Cashflow provided by operating activities 31,983   7,577   27,533   37,109   40,134   9,899   34,922   3,212  
Funds flow from operations (3) 14,269   (1,422 ) 35,432   37,413   57,641   17,721   43,462   34,855  
Total assets 638,541   564,921   575,849   587,641   615,477   473,642   499,580   552,781  
Adjusted working capital deficit (4)) (31,830 ) (21,454 ) (6,258 ) (22,275 ) (11,249 ) (46,419 ) (28,892 ) (34,934 )
Net debt (3) (24,046 ) (205,536 ) (181,670 ) (202,180 ) (214,503 ) (254,489 ) (248,967 ) (273,201 )
Capital expenditures 9,306   16,363   9,384   20,486   19,037   7,216   9,739   3,534  
(1) Total production excludes sulphur.
(2) Includes physical commodity and financial risk management contracts inclusive of cash flow hedges, together (“Risk Management Contracts”).
(3) Refer to the “Net Operation Income”, “Capital Resources” and “non-GAAP measures” sections of the Company’s MD&A for reference to non-GAAP measures.
(4) Adjusted working capital is a non-GAAP measure and is calculated as accounts payable and accrued liabilities, less cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, accounts receivable, prepaids and deposits.


Pieridae’s priority remains strengthening our balance sheet while safely sustaining production, increasing the utilization of the Company’s gas processing facilities by attracting incremental third party volumes, implementing cost reduction initiatives, optimizing infrastructure, and executing non-core asset dispositions to maintain profitability throughout the commodity cycle.

The Company’s 2024 guidance remains unchanged as follows:

    2024 Guidance  
($ 000s unless otherwise noted) Low High  
Total production (boe/d) (1) 33,000 34,500  
Net operating income (2)(3)(5) 80,000 100,000  
Operating Netback ($/boe) (3)(4)(5) 6.50 8.00  
Capital expenditures 28,000 33,000  
(1)  2024 production guidance includes the impact of the phase 2 Waterton Turnaround.
(2)  Refer to the NOI section of the Company’s MD&A for reference to non-GAAP measures.
(3)  Refer to Operating Netback section of the Company’s MD&A for reference to non-GAAP measures.
(4)  Assumes unhedged average 2024 AECO price of $2.25/GJ and average 2024 WTI price of $70/bbl.
(5)  Accounts for impact of hedge contracts in place at December 31, 2023.

Pieridae’s specific priorities for 2024 are:

  • Maximize processing facility reliability to meet production targets and maximize third party processing revenue by leveraging our available deep cut natural gas processing capacity;
  • Reduce operating expenses to improve corporate netback;
  • Optimize fuel gas consumption to reduce raw gas shrinkage, lower GHG emissions and costs, and increase sales revenue; and
  • Reduce long-term debt to deleverage the balance sheet.

Forward natural gas prices have continued to weaken, particularly over the recent months, as global demand stagnates through a warmer-than-normal winter season resulting in record storage levels and oversupply. Pieridae’s robust hedge position will continue to partially mitigate the lower expected natural gas prices through 2024.

Production in the Clearwater gas field was shut in during 2023 due to low natural gas prices and a high proportion of variable operating costs, reducing 2024 average sales volumes by approximately 500 boe/d; this field will remain shut-in until there is a recovery of gas prices. The Company continues to closely monitor market conditions and may restore or further reduce production as conditions warrant.

Pieridae has hedged approximately 65% of its expected 2024 natural gas production at approximately $3.50/Mcf, and approximately 59% of its expected 2024 condensate production is hedged utilizing swaps and an $80.00 x $90.75 CAD WTI collar. The discounted unrealized gain on the Company’s hedge portfolio at December 31, 2023 was approximately $71 million using the December 31, 2023 forward strip.

Sulphur prices have also fallen year-to-date reflecting weakening global sulphur demand. Pieridae’s exposure to the sulphur market is limited for the next 21 months as we sell approximately 80% of our produced sulphur at a fixed price to a third party through the end of 2025.

Pieridae’s 2024 capital budget is highlighted by low-cost well and facility optimization projects and the second and final phase of the maintenance turnaround at the Waterton deep-cut, sour gas processing facility, which is currently scheduled for the third quarter. The production outage in the Waterton field associated with the turnaround is planned for approximately 4 weeks and is accounted for in our 2024 production guidance estimates. Pieridae owns and operates three major gas processing facilities which each require periodic maintenance turnarounds on a five-to-six-year cycle.

The scope and timing of all capital projects continues to be scrutinized in the context of lower year-to-date natural gas prices. Pieridae does not intend to resume its foothills development drilling program until the natural gas price outlook improves.

While debt reduction remains a top priority for 2024, the ability to repay revolving debt in 2024 may be impacted by low commodity prices and non-discretionary maintenance capital projects. Pieridae expects to draw down the final US$10 million delayed-draw tranche of the senior secured term loan (the “DDTL”) during 2024 (undrawn during 2023) to support the final phase of the Waterton Turnaround in Q3 of this year. The Company’s available liquidity also includes US$12 million remaining undrawn capacity on the senior secured revolving loan as of March 20, 2024.

Pieridae’s previously announced Goldboro sale process is ongoing and, if successful, any cash proceeds from the sale of Goldboro will be used to partially repay the company’s $22 million convertible bridge term loan which matures on December 13, 2024. The Goldboro sale process is expected to conclude in the first half of 2024 and, once complete, will mark the conclusion of Pieridae’s strategic pivot away from east coast LNG and toward an Alberta-focused natural gas production and processing business.


Pieridae hedges to mitigate commodity price, interest rate and foreign exchange volatility to protect the cash flow required to fund the Company’s operations, capital requirements and debt service obligations, while allowing the Company to participate in future commodity price upside. Pieridae continues to execute its risk management program governed by its hedge policy and in compliance with the thresholds required by the senior loan facilities. As of December 31, 2023, the Company is hedged in accordance with the requirements of the senior loan agreement. The discounted unrealized gain on the Company’s hedge portfolio at December 31, 2023 was approximately $71 million using the forward strip on December 31, 2023.

The tables below summarize Pieridae’s hedge portfolio for natural gas, condensate (“C5+”) and power:

2024-2025 Hedge Portfolio (1) Q124 Q224 Q324 Q424   2024 Q125 Q225 Q325 Q425   2025
AECO Natural Gas Sales                    
Total Hedged (GJ/d)   125,000   112,500   112,500   110,842   115,191   110,000   110,000   110,000   110,000   110,000
Avg Hedge Price (C$/GJ) $ 3.34 $ 3.33 $ 3.33 $ 3.32 $ 3.33 $ 3.32 $ 3.32 $ 3.32 $ 3.32 $ 3.32
WTI / C5+ Sales                    
Total Hedged (bbl/d)   1,547   1,519   1,491   1,464   1,505   1,446   1,361   1,218   1,196   1,305
Avg Collar Cap Price (C$/bbl) $ 91.73 $ 91.75 $ 91.76 $ 91.78 $ 91.75 $ 91.39 $ 91.34 $ 91.51 $ 91.53 $ 91.44
Avg Collar Floor Price (C$/bbl) $ 81.67 $ 81.70 $ 81.74 $ 81.77 $ 81.72 $ 81.16 $ 81.14 $ 81.38 $ 81.40 $ 81.26
Power Purchases                    
Total Hedged (MW)   55   55   55   55   55   55   55   55   55   55
Avg Hedge Price (C$/MWh) $ 68.41 $ 68.51 $ 68.49 $ 68.14 $ 68.39 $ 79.22 $ 79.10 $ 79.07 $ 79.08 $ 79.12

2026-2027 Hedge Portfolio (1) Q126 Q226 Q326 Q426   2026 Q127 Q227 Q327 Q427   2027
AECO Natural Gas Sales                    
Total Hedged (GJ/d)   110,000   95,165   65,000   61,685   82,781   60,000   40,220       24,822
Avg Hedge Price (C$/GJ) $ 3.32 $ 3.47 $ 3.77 $ 3.80 $ 3.54 $ 3.81 $ 3.81     $ 3.81
WTI / C5+ Sales                    
Total Hedged (bbl/d)   1,217   1,174   814   800   1,000   816   786       397
Avg Collar Cap Price (C$/bbl) $ 91.51 $ 90.39 $ 90.84 $ 90.84 $ 90.91 $ 90.84 $ 86.81     $ 88.85
Avg Collar Floor Price (C$/bbl) $ 81.38 $ 81.18 $ 80.75 $ 80.77 $ 81.07 $ 80.75 $ 80.09     $ 80.43
Power Purchases                    
Total Hedged (MW)   55   55   45   45   50   25   25   25   25   25
Avg Hedge Price (C$/MWh) $ 75.87 $ 75.88 $ 75.88 $ 75.88 $ 75.88 $ 70.19 $ 70.19 $ 70.19 $ 70.19 $ 70.19
(1) Includes forward physical sales contracts and financial derivative contracts        


A conference call and webcast to discuss the results will be held on Thursday, March 21, 2024, at 8:30 a.m. MDT / 10:30 a.m. EDT. To participate in the webcast or conference call, you are asked to register using one of the links provided below.

To register to participate via webcast please follow this link:


Alternatively, to register to participate by telephone please follow this link:


A replay of the webcast will be available two hours after the conclusion of the event and may be accessed using the webcast link above.


Pieridae is a Canadian energy company headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and a significant upstream producer and midstream operator with core assets concentrated along the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Our business is focused on safely producing, processing, and delivering to market treated natural gas, condensate, NGLs and sulphur. Pieridae’s common shares trade on the TSX under the symbol “PEA”.

For further information, visit www.pieridaeenergy.com, or please contact:

Darcy Reding, President & Chief Executive Officer Adam Gray, Chief Financial Officer
Telephone: (403) 261-5900 Telephone: (403) 261-5900
Investor Relations  
[email protected]  

Forward-Looking Statements
Certain of the statements contained herein including, without limitation, management plans and assessments of future plans and operations, Pieridae’s outlook, strategy and vision, intentions with respect to future acquisitions, dispositions and other opportunities, including exploration and development activities, Pieridae’s ability to market its assets, plans and timing for development of undeveloped and probable resources, Pieridae’s goals with respect to the environment, relations with Indigenous people and promoting equity, diversity and inclusion, estimated abandonment and reclamation costs, plans regarding hedging, plans regarding the payment of dividends, wells to be drilled, the weighting of commodity expenses, expected production and performance of oil and natural gas properties, results and timing of projects, access to adequate pipeline capacity and third-party infrastructure, growth expectations, supply and demand for oil, natural gas liquids and natural gas, industry conditions, government regulations and regimes, capital expenditures and the nature of capital expenditures and the timing and method of financing thereof, may constitute “forward-looking statements” or “forward-looking information” within the meaning of applicable securities laws (collectively “forward-looking statements”). Words such as “may”, “will”, “should”, “could”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “expect”, “intend”, “plan”, “continue”, “focus”, “endeavor”, “commit”, “shall”, “propose”, “might”, “project”, “predict”, “vision”, “opportunity”, “strategy”, “objective”, “potential”, “forecast”, “estimate”, “goal”, “target”, “growth”, “future”, and similar expressions may be used to identify these forward-looking statements. These statements reflect management’s current beliefs and are based on information currently available to management.

Forward-looking statements involve significant risk and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from the results discussed in the forward-looking statements including, but not limited to, the risks associated with oil and gas exploration, development, exploitation, production, processing, marketing and transportation, loss of markets, volatility of commodity prices, currency fluctuations, imprecision of resources estimates, environmental risks, competition from other producers, incorrect assessment of the value of acquisitions, failure to realize the anticipated benefits of acquisitions, delays resulting from or inability to obtain required regulatory approvals, ability to access sufficient capital from internal and external sources and the risk factors outlined under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere herein. The recovery and resources estimate of Pieridae’s reserves provided herein are estimates only and there is no guarantee that the estimated resources will be recovered. As a consequence, actual results may differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are based on a number of factors and assumptions which have been used to develop such forward-looking statements, but which may prove to be incorrect. Although Pieridae believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements because Pieridae can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct. In addition to other factors and assumptions which may be identified in this document, assumptions have been made regarding, among other things: the impact of increasing competition; the general stability of the economic and political environment in which Pieridae operates; the timely receipt of any required regulatory approvals; the ability of Pieridae to obtain and retain qualified staff, equipment and services in a timely and cost efficient manner; the ability of the operator of the projects which Pieridae has an interest in to operate the field in a safe, efficient and effective manner; the ability of Pieridae to obtain financing on acceptable terms; the ability to replace and expand oil and natural gas resources through acquisition, development and exploration; the timing and costs of pipeline, storage and facility construction and expansion and the ability of Pieridae to secure adequate product transportation; future oil and natural gas prices; currency, exchange and interest rates; the regulatory framework regarding royalties, taxes and environmental matters in the jurisdictions in which Pieridae operates; timing and amount of capital expenditures; future sources of funding; production levels; weather conditions; success of exploration and development activities; access to gathering, processing and pipeline systems; advancing technologies; and the ability of Pieridae to successfully market its oil and natural gas products.

Readers are cautioned that the foregoing list of factors is not exhaustive. Additional information on these and other factors that could affect Pieridae’s operations and financial results are included in reports on file with Canadian securities regulatory authorities and may be accessed through the SEDAR+ website (www.sedarplus.ca), and at Pieridae’s website (www.pieridaeenergy.com).

Although the forward-looking statements contained herein are based upon what management believes to be reasonable assumptions, management cannot assure that actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements. Investors should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are made as of the date hereof and Pieridae assumes no obligation to update or review them to reflect new events or circumstances except as required by applicable securities laws.

Forward-looking statements contained herein concerning the oil and gas industry and Pieridae’s general expectations concerning this industry are based on estimates prepared by management using data from publicly available industry sources as well as from reserve reports, market research and industry analysis and on assumptions based on data and knowledge of this industry which Pieridae believes to be reasonable. However, this data is inherently imprecise, although generally indicative of relative market positions, market shares and performance characteristics. While Pieridae is not aware of any misstatements regarding any industry data presented herein, the industry involves risks and uncertainties and is subject to change based on various factors.

Additional Reader Advisories
Barrels of oil equivalent (“boe”) may be misleading, particularly if used in isolation. A boe conversion ratio of 6 Mcf: 1 boe is based on an energy equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead.


Natural Gas Oil
mcf thousand cubic feet bbl/d barrels per day
mcf/d thousand cubic feet per day boe/d barrels of oil equivalent per day
mmcf/d million cubic feet per day WCS Western Canadian Select
AECO Alberta benchmark price for natural gas WTI West Texas Intermediate
GJ Gigajoule mbbl Thousand barrels
Power   mmbbl Million barrels
MW Megawatt mmboe Million barrels of oil equivalent
MWh Megawatt hour    

Neither TSX nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in policies of the TSX) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.

1 Refer to the “non-GAAP measures” section of the Company’s MD&A.
2 Effective date of Dec. 31, 2023 using Jan. 1, 2024 evaluator consensus (“IC4”) price forecast
1 Refer to the “non-GAAP measures” section of the Company’s MD&A.
1 Refer to the “non-GAAP measures” section of the Company’s MD&A.


Disclaimer: The above press release comes to you under an arrangement with GlobeNewswire. AfternoonHeadlines.com takes no editorial responsibility for the same.